Compendium -Part 1

CMAT

Important Points: 

  • Myanmar Leader Suu Kyi To Be Stripped Of Freedom Of Paris Award

The city of Paris will strip Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi of her honorary freedom of the Paris award over her failure to speak out against a crackdown on Rohingya Muslims. She has already been stripped of her honorary Canadian citizenship and her Amnesty International’s “Ambassador of Conscience Award”. She would be the first person to lose the freedom of Paris award. More than 700,000 Rohingya fled violence in the Buddhist-majority country last year, mostly to neighbouring Bangladesh.

  • World AIDS Day: 1 December

The theme for the World AIDS Day 2018 is “Know Your Status”.

  • The G-20 Summit 2018 was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina .G-20 is a grouping of the world’s 20 major economies.

 

  • South African President To be Chief Guest At Republic Day Celebrations 2019

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa will be the Chief Guest at the 2019 Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.

  • India’s 1st Engine-Less ‘Train 18’ Breaches 180 kmph Speed Limit

India’s first locomotive-less train, known as Train 18, has breached the180 kilometres per hour speed limit during a test run at Kota-Sawai Madhopur section in Rajasthan. When this indigenously designed train is made operational, it will become the country’s fastest train.

  • Katowice Climate Change Conference 2018 Held in Poland

The UN climate summits, i.e. so called COP (Conference of the Parties) are global conferences, in the course of which action for climate policy is negotiated. The Climate Change Conference 2018 was held in Katowice, Poland.

  • Hindustan Unilever Board Approves Merger with GSKCH India

FMCG major Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) announced that its board has approved the merger with GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare (GSKCH India) through an-all equity deal, valuing the total business of the latter at Rs31,700 crore

  • Government Appoints Krishnamurthy Subramanian As New Chief Economic Advisor

The government appointed Dr. Krishnamurthy Subramanian as the new Chief Economic Advisor. Dr. Subramanian will have tenure of three years

  • HCL To Buy 7 IBM Products for $1.8 bn In Its Biggest Acquisition

Noida-based IT major HCL Technologies will acquire seven IBM products by mid-2019 for $1.8 billion (over Rs 12,700 crore) in its biggest ever acquisition so far.

  • Luka Modric Wins Ballon d’Or 2018

Real Madrid and Croatia midfielder Luka Modric won Ballon d’Or 2018 in Paris. In the process, he broke the decade-long duopoly over the award held by Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi. The last player to win the award outside of Ronaldo and Messi was Brazilian great Kaka in 2007.

  • AN Jha Appointed New Finance Secretary

Ajay Narayan Jha, the Secretary of Department of Expenditure, has been appointed as new Finance Secretary to succeed Hasmukh Adhia who retired on November 30.

  • India’s Heaviest Satellite GSAT-11 Successfully Launched

India’s heaviest, largest and most powerful satellite GSAT-11 was successfully launched by an Arianespace rocket from the French Guiana. Blasting off from the Ariane Launch Complex in Kourou, the Ariane-5 vehicle injected the GSAT-11 into the orbit in a flawless flight lasting about 33 minutes. The satellite will play a vital role in providing broadband services across the country and also be a platform to demonstrate new generation applications. As per the ISRO Chairman K Sivan, GSAT-11 is going to be the richest space asset for India and it will provide something like 16 Gbps data link services to the country.

  • State Bank of India Ropes in Swapna Barman As Brand Ambassador For YONO

State Bank of India has roped in Asian Games gold medalist Swapna Barman as brand ambassador for its digital app YONO. YONO, the bank’s digital platform that makes both lifestyle and banking available through a single app, was launched exactly a year back. Swapna won Gold medal in Heptathlon in Jakarta Asian Games with a score of 6026 and is looking to break the 6200 score barrier to qualify for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.

  • Second Largest Ebola Outbreak Spreads In Congo

The second-largest Ebola outbreak in history has spread to a major city in eastern Congo. Butembo, with more than one million residents, is now reporting cases of the deadly hemorrhagic fever.

  • Luxembourg To Become First Country To Make Public Transport Free

Luxembourg is set to become the first country in the world to make all public transport free, implementing the move in 2020.

  • Sino-India Joint Exercise Hand-in-Hand 2018 Held in China

The opening ceremony for the 7th Sino-India joint exercise Hand-in-Hand 2018, was held at Chengdu, China

  • India Successfully Test-Fires Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile Agni-5
  • The indigenously built Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile Agni-5 has been test-fired successfully from Abdul Kalam Island under Chandipur Interim Test Range. It can carry both nuclear and traditional weapons. The first test was conducted in 2012 from ITR Chandipur in Balasore district.
  • RBI Governor Urjit Patel Resigns

A day before the results of polling in the five states, Reserve Bank of India governor Urjit Patel stepped down from his post.

  • A day after Urjit Patel resigned as RBI Governor, the government today appointed Shaktikanta Das as the new RBI chief. He is the 25th Governor of the Reserve Bank of India.
  • Khelo India Youth Games To Be Held In Pune

Khelo India Youth Games-2019 will be held in Pune of Maharashtra in January. Sports Minister Col Rajyavardhan Rathore announced that 9000 youth will participate in this edition of the game. Under Khelo India programme, the government is providing scholarships to 1500 students from across the country. Last year around 3500 school children had participated in the event.

  • Mexico’s Vanessa Poncede Leon Wins Miss World 2018 Crown
  • Human Rights Day: 10 December

#StandUp4HumanRights is the global campaign launched on for year 2018.

  • Trump Names Heather Nauert As US Ambassador To United Nation. Nauert will replace Nikki Haley, who will be leaving the post by the end of 2018.
Ease of Doing Business 2019

Released by: World Bank

Rank Country Rank Country
1. New Zealand 46 China
2. Singapore 77 India
3. Denmark 81 Bhutan
4. Hong Kong 100 Sri Lanka
5. South Korea 110 Nepal

Note: India’s ranking for 2018 was 100.

Women’s World Twenty 20 2018

Held from 09 to 24 November 2018 Host: West Indies Winners: Australia, Runners-up: England Player of the series and most runs: Alyssa Healy (Australia) India lost to England in the semi-finals. The captain of Indian team was Harmanpreet Kaur.

  • The airport in Odisha which has been renamed Veer Surendra Sai Airport as approved by the Union Cabinet: Jharsuguda
  • India’s first asymmetrical cable-stayed bridge (over river Yamuna) and with pylon height of 165 meters inaugurated by CM of Delhi, Shri Arvind Kejriwal is named: Signature Bridge
  • The 25th edition of Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise scheduled from 10th to 21st November 2018 off Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal: SIMBEX-2018
  • The international organisation which has stripped Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi of its 2009 Ambassador of Conscience Award for not speaking about violence against Rohingya Muslim community: Amnesty International
  • The well-known theatre, film personality and ad film maker who passed away on 17 November 2018: Alyque Padamsee
  • The Norwegian Chess player who has won the FIDE World Chess Championship 2018 defeating Fabiana Caruana (USA) in London, England: Magnus Carlsen
  • ‘Train 18′- India’s 1st Engineless Train India’s first engine-less train, “Train 18”, developed by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) and seen as a successor to the prestigious Shatabdi Express, was unveiled by Railway Board Chairman Ashwani Lohani. The Rs. 100-crore train is the first long-distance train, without a separate locomotive (engine).
  • PM Modi Unveils World’s Tallest Statue measuring 600 feet In Gujarat PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s memorial on the leader’s 143rd birth anniversary in Gujarat’s Narmada district. Called the Statue of Unity, the bronze sculpture is the world’s tallest statue measuring 600 feet (182m) and overshadows China’s Spring Temple Buddha (153m) and USA’s Statue of Liberty (93m). The memorial was constructed in 33 months at Rs2, 989 crore.
  • IBM Acquired Red Hat for $34 Billion In Its Biggest Purchase America’s IBM has acquired software company Red Hat in a $34 billion cash and debt deal, marking its biggest ever acquisition till date. Founded 25 years ago, Red Hat was valued at about $20.5 billion at the end of trading.
  • World’s Largest Airport ‘Under One Roof’ Opened In Istanbul The world’s largest airport terminal “under one roof” with a capacity to serve 90 million passengers has been officially opened on October 29 in Istanbul, which marks the Republic Day of Turkey. Overall the first phase has cost 7.5 billion Euro.  The airport has been envisioned to have a total capacity of up to 200 million passengers, once all four phases are completed in the next 10 years.
  • Mary Kom Named Brand Ambassador of 2018 Women’s World Boxing Championships Olympic bronze medalist and five-time World Champion, MC Mary Kom has been named as the brand ambassador of the 10th edition of the Women’s World Championship in New Delhi.
  • INS Viraat to Become a Floating Museum The Maharashtra Cabinet has approved the conversion of decommissioned carrier INS Viraat into a floating museum. As per primary estimates, the project worth 852 crore rupees will be implemented through public-private-partnership (PPP).
  • RBI Clears Re-Appointment of Aditya Puri as HDFC Bank CEO HDFC Bank had announced that the RBI had approved the re-appointment of Aditya Puri as MD and CEO of the bank for another two years. Aditya Puri will now serve the office from November 1, 2018 to October 26, 2020.
  • The first joint military exercise named “Dharma Guardian” between India and Japan has begun at Indian Army’s Counter-Insurgency Warfare School at Vairengte (Mizoram).
  • Former India captain Rahul Dravid was officially inducted into International Cricket Council’s (ICC) Hall of Fame. Dravid has scored 23, 208 international runs for India across formats, including 48 hundreds and 146 fifties. ICC Cricket Hall of Fame:- It recognises achievements of legends of game from cricket’s long and illustrious history.
  • India re-elected as member of ITU council till 2022 India has been elected as a member of the International Telecommunications Union-ITU Council for another four-year term from2019 to 2022. HQ of ITU: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • IFFI to commence in Goa from November 20 The 49th International Film Festival of India, IFFI 2018 will be held in Goa from 20th to 28th of November. The festival will showcase 212 films from over 68 countries which reflect the diversity of taste. International Competition section has 15 films out of which three are Indian.
  • Simone Biles Sets World Record, Wins 13th World Championship Gold Simone Biles made history by picking up her record 13th career gold medal at the world gymnastics championships in Doha, Qatar. Simone Biles became the first ever gymnast to win 13 world championship gold medals. She hails from the USA.
  • Lucknow Stadium Renamed After Atal Bihari Vajpayee The newly-built Ekana International Stadium of Lucknow was renamed after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The stadium will now be known as ‘Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee International Cricket Stadium’. The stadium was renamed just ahead of the first-ever international cricket match – the T20 International between India and West Indies. The city hosted its first international match at the stadium when India played against West Indies in the second T20 International match.
  • The Supreme Court lifted the centuries-old ban on entry of women aged between 10 and 50 years in Kerala’s Sabarimala Temple, thereby allowing women of all ages to enter the 800-year-old temple. Kerala government supported the entry while the temple board opposed it.
  • India, World’s 6th Largest Economy at $2.6 trillion: IMF India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the worth of the economy, clocked in at $2.6 trillion for 2017, according to the database of the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) for April 2018. India is now the world’s sixth largest economy, displacing France. The Top 5 economies of the world are: The United States, China, Japan, and Germany and, The United Kingdom.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Launched in Delhi Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) scheme in Delhi and distributed new LPG connections and cylinders to beneficiaries. Remember these points PMUY was launched in May 2016. 2. Objective of this scheme is to provide deposit-free LPG connections with monetary assistance to women from below poverty line (BPL) households. 3. Target under this scheme has been increased from the existing 5 crore connections to 8 crore connections by 2020.
  • NYSE Names 1st Woman Chief in Exchange’s 226-year History The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has promoted Stacey Cunningham to President, making her the first sole woman head of the 226-year-old exchange.
  • Venezuela’s President Maduro Wins Re-election Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro was re-elected for a second six-year term in presidential elections, according to the National Electoral Council (CNE).
  • Government appoints Subhash Chandra Khuntia as new chairman of IRDAI. IRDA is an apex statutory body that regulates and develops insurance industry in India.
  • Polish author Olga Tokarczuk awarded Man Booker International Prize 2018. It makes her first writer from Poland to win this prestigious English- language literary award. She won prize with English translation of her novel Flights, which charts multiple journeys in time, space and human anatomy.
  • Walmart Buys Flipkart in World’s Largest e-Commerce Deal US-based retail giant Walmart has confirmed that it will buy 77% stake in India’s largest e-commerce startup Flipkart for $16 billion. Walmart bought the stake in Flipkart for 16 billion dollars. 
  • Bharti Airtel completes acquisition of Telenor India

The government has approved the merger of the local unit of Norway’s Telenor with Bharti Airtel, clearing the last hurdle for the deal to go through. The Department of Telecom (DoT) had transferred all licences and liabilities of Telenor India to Bharti Airtel

  • Yahoo has launched its own new group chat app named Squirrel.

Squirrel Group Chat App is still in testing. It is available on Google Play and the App Store. If you need to start using the app, you need a friend who already uses the app to invite you into a group. Squirrel focuses on group chats. It has features that enables you to organise conversations with several people.

  • Tata Steel to Acquire Bhushan Steel through its Step-Down Subsidiary Bamnipal Steel

Tata Steel, whose bid for debt-ridden Bhushan Steel was approved by NCLT, would implement the resolution plan through its step-down subsidiary Bamnipal Steel Ltd. Bamnipal Steel would invest in the debt-ridden company and acquire control on the closing date.

  • Patanjali Launches New Messaging App ‘Kimbho’

Yoga guru Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali launched a new swadeshi messaging application called ‘Kimbho’ to compete with WhatsApp. Kimbho caters to private and group chats with free phone and video calling. The tagline of Kimbho is “Ab Bharat Bolega”. Patanjali has recently tied up with Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) to enter the telecom sector by launching Swadeshi Samriddhi SIM cards.

  • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), the country’s most valued and largest IT outsourcing company created history by becoming the first Indian company to reach Rs. 7 lakh crore market capitalisation (m-cap) milestone. M-cap is value of company that is traded on stock market, calculated by multiplying total number of shares by present share price.
  • The railway station in Assam which has become the first in the country to run on solar power: Guwahati.
  • The State in which the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for NTPC’s Patratu Super Thermal Power Project: Jharkhand.
  • UNEP recognises Cochin International Airport as world’s first fully solar energy-powered airport

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has recognised Cochin International Airport Ltd (CIAL) in Kerala as the world’s first fully solar energy-powered airport. CIAL is India’s first airport to be constructed in public-private-partnership (PPP) model in 1999.

  • PM Modi Laid Foundation Stone of India’s Longest Road Tunnel in J&K

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is on a day-long visit to Jammu and Kashmir. During his visit, Prime Minister laid down the foundation stone of ‘Zojila Tunnel’ on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway in Leh. The 14.2-kilometre long Zojila tunnel will be India’s longest road tunnel and Asia’s longest bidirectional tunnel.

  • ASEAN India Film Festival was held in New Delhi from May 25 to 30, 2018.

The film festival provided platform for people from film industries of respective member countries to explore areas of cooperation in domain of cinema and cultural cooperation

  • Colombia joins NATO as global partner

Colombia has formally joined North Atlantic Treaty Organization as global partner. It makes it first Latin American to join NATO. The announcement came after Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) approved Colombia as a new member

  • No Nobel Prize in Literature This Year

The Swedish Academy has decided to postpone the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature, with the intention of awarding it in 2019. The decision has been taken in the wake of a sexual and financial scandal that has engulfed the Swedish Academy, the cultural institution responsible for awarding the prestigious prize. According to the Swedish Foundations Act, the Nobel Foundation is ultimately responsible for fulfilling the intentions in the will of Alfred Nobel. For the first time since 1949, the secretive jury will not unveil a winner this autumn.Kazuo Ishiguro was the winner of Nobel Prize 2017.

  • WhatsApp CEO Jan Koum Quits Facebook

WhatsApp Co-founder and CEO Jan Koum has announced his resignation from the parent company Facebook. This comes shortly after a report claimed Koum would leave due to disagreements over data privacy and weakening encryption. Koum will also step down from Facebook’s Board of Directors, a position he took up when WhatsApp was bought for $19 billion by Facebook in 2014.

  • SpaceX Launches Most Powerful Falcon 9 Rocket

The California-based aerospace company, SpaceX has blasted off its most powerful Falcon 9 rocket, which is certified to carry humans to space later this year.

  • Nepal, 1st Country in South-East Asia to Eliminate Trachoma: WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Nepal as free from Trachoma, the world’s leading infectious cause of blindness. With this, Nepal becomes the first country in WHO’s South-East Asia Region to eliminate Trachoma. Trachoma was the second leading cause of preventable blindness in Nepal in the 1980s.

  • Paul Polman, CEO of Unilever, to succeed Sunil Bharti Mittal as Chairman of International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).
  • Indian-American Dhivya Suryadevara to Become CFO of General Motors. An Indian-American woman, Dhivya Suryadevara has been named the Chief Finance Officer of the US’ largest automaker, General Motors.She will report to Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Mary Barra, 56, who has been head of the automaker since 2014.
  • Kailash Satyarthi and Former ISRO Chief Gets ‘Santokbaa Humanitarian’ Award

President Ram Nath Kovind presented the ‘Santokbaa Humanitarian Award’ to Child rights activist and Noble Laureate Kailash Satyarthi and space scientist A S Kiran Kumar, Former Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Surat, Gujarat

  • The countries which have won the bid to hold 2026 FIFA World Cup jointly: US, Canada & Mexico
  • Ordinance to Set up Country’s 1st National Sports University Gets President’s Assent

President Ram Nath Kovind has given his assent to an ordinance to set up the country’s first national sports university in Manipur.

  • Mumbai’s Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles have been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This was announced at the UNESCO world heritage committee meeting in Bahrain.

The Heritage enclave is situated in South Mumbai’s historic core and comprises an urban ensemble straddling two heritage precincts of the Fort Precinct and Marine Drive Precinct.

  • US Pips India as Top Greenfield FDI Investment Destination: Report

The U.S. has surpassed India to become the top destination for Greenfield foreign direct investment in 2017, according to the FDI Report 2018, compiled by FDI Intelligence, a division of The Financial Times Ltd. The number of Greenfield FDI projects in India during the year fell sharply by 21% to 637. India had maintained the top slot in Greenfield FDI investment in 2015 and 2016. However, in 2017, the U.S. reclaimed the spot from India, recording $87.4 billion of announced FDI. In the Asia and Pacific region, China was on top in terms of FDI in the total number of new projects and capital investment, followed by India

  • 44th G7 summit was held in Canada

The 44th G7 summit was held on June 8–9, 2018, in Quebec, Canada. This was the sixth time since 1981 that Canada has hosted the meetings. The 44th G7 summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has hosted this summit. The 45th G7 summit or next G7 summit will be held in 2019 in France.

  • World’s Most Experienced Spacewoman Peggy Whitson Retires As Astronaut

NASA’s record-breaking astronaut, Peggy Whitson, retired after a 22-year-long career. Whitson, who joined NASA as a researcher in 1986, has spent more time off Earth than any other American, totalling 665 days over three International Space Station missions.The 58-year-old is the oldest woman to go into space and also the most experienced female spacewalker, with 10 missions.

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