Compendium -Part 3

CMAT

Nobel Prizes 2018:

# Field Winners Contribution
1. Medicine James P. Allison For their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.
Tasuku Honjo
2. Chemistry Frances H. Arnold For directed evolution of enzymes.
George P. Smith
Sir Gregory P. Winter
3. Physics Arthur Ashkin For groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics.
Gerard Mourou
Donna Strickland
4. Peace Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad Courageously combating war crimes and seeking justice for victims.
5. Economic Sciences William D. Nordhaus For integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis.
Paul M. Romer For integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis
6. Literature No one has been awarded this year

Some crucial facts about the census 2011:

No of districts 640
Total population % in Urban & Rural areas 68.8% urban & 31.2% rural
Child Sex Ratio 919
Sex Ratio 940
Density of population 382
Decadal population growth from 2001 to 2011 17.64%
Literacy rate 74.04%
India have total population of the world 17.5%
The Union Territory of Lakshadweep is the least populated 64,429 persons
Top 3 literate states 1. Kerala – 94.00 % 2. Lakshadweep – 91.85 % 3. Mizoram – 91.33 %
Highest sex ratio (Top 3 states) 1. Kerala – 1084 2. Pondicherry – 1037 3. Tamil Nadu  – 996
Lowest sex ratio (Top 3 states) 1. Daman and Diu – 618 2. Dadra & Nagar Haveli – 774 3. Chandigarh – 818
Top 3 highly dense union territories 1. Delhi – 11,320 2. Chandigarh – 9,258 3. Pondicherry – 2,547
Top 3 highly dense states 1. Bihar – 1,106 2. West Bengal – 1,028 3. Kerala – 860
Top 3 highly populated states in India 1. Uttar Pradesh – 199,281,477 (16.49%) 2. Maharashtra – 112,372,972 (9.28%) 3. Bihar – 103,804,637 (8.58%)

Important appointments:

  • Chief Minister of Nagaland: Neiphiu Rio
  • Chief minister of Meghalaya: Conrad Sangma
  • Chief Minister of Tripura: Biplab Kumar Deb
  • Chief Minister of Karnataka: HD Kumaraswamy
  • Governor of Jammu & Kashmir: Satya Pal Malik
  • Governor of Bihar: Lalji Tandon
  • Governor of Odisha: Professor Ganeshi Lal
  • Governor of Mizoram: Kummanam Rajasekharan
  • Governor of Uttarakhand: Baby Rani Maurya
  • 15th Finance Commission Chairman: N K Singh
  • Economic Affairs Secretary of India: Subhash Chandra Garg
  • SEBI Chairman: Ajay Tyagi
  • IRDAI Chairman: Subhash Chandra Khuntia
  • Chief Election commissioner of India: Sunil Arora
  • Bombay Stock Exchange Shri S Ravi (Chairman) Ashishkumar Chauhan (MD & CEO)
  • National Stock Exchange: Ashok Chawla (Chairman) Mr. Vikram Limaye (MD & CEO)
  • Sudha Balakrishnan: Chief Financial Officer of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • Mahesh Kumar Jain: Deputy governor of RBI.
  • S Ramesh: Chairman of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC)
  • Indu Bhushan: Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission (ABNHPM).
  • Paul Polman: Chairman International Chamber of Commerce.
  • The New York Stock Exchange has appointed Chief Operating Officer Stacey Cunningham as its first female president.
  • IMF Chief Economist: Gita Gopinath
  • PM of Australia: Scott Morrison.
  • President of Egypt: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
  • President of Pakistan: Arif Alvi.
  • PM of Pakistan: Irrfan khan
  • Secretary of State (USA): Mike Pompeo
  • Defence Secretary (USA): James Mattis
  • President of South Korea: Moon Jae-in
  • President of Venezuela: Nicolas Maduro
  • ICC [International Cricket council] Chairman: Shashank Manohar
  • President of Myanmar: Win Myint
  • Chief Justice of India: Justice Ranjan Gogoi
  • Chairman of Indian Bank’s association: Sunil Mehta
  • Chairman of DRDO: G. Satheesh Reddy
  • UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Michelle Bachelet
  • IMF Chairperson: Christine Lagarde.

  Recent Books and Authors:

  • Lt Gen Gyan Bhushan: ‘Across the Bench – Insight into the Indian Military Judicial System’.
  • J K Rowling: Lethal White
  • C H. Hanumantha Rao: My journey from Marxism-Leninism to Nehruvian socialism
  • Ramachandra Guha: “Gandhi: The years that changed the world (1914-1948)”
  • PM Narendra Modi: Exam Warriors
  • Shashi Tharoor: Why I am Hindu, The paradoxical Prime Minister
  • Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu: “Moving On… Moving Forward: A Year in Office”
  • Cricketer VVS Laxman: 281 and Beyond
  • Brijendra Rehi: Atal Ji Ne Kaha
  • Chandan Gowda: The way I see ita Gauri Lankesh Reader
  • Twinkle Khanna: Pyjamas are  forgiving
  • Preeti Shenoy: The Rule Breakers
  • Shane Warne: No Spin
  • Stephen Hawking: Brief Answers to the Big Questions
  • Anna Burns: Milkman
  • Krishna Trilok: Notes of a dream-The authorized Biography of AR Rehman

Important World Organizations and Their HQs:

  • World Bank: Washington DC, USA
  • International Monetary Fund [IMF]: Washington DC, USA
  • World Health Organization [WHO]: Geneva, Switzerland
  • World Trade Organization [WTO]: Geneva, Switzerland
  • International Labour Organization [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD): Geneva, Switzerland
  • New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank): Shanghai, China
  • Asian Development Bank: Manila, Philippines
  • United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF): New York, USA
  • United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA): New York, USA
  • United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO): Paris, France
  • International Atomic Agency: Vienna, Austria
  • Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): Vienna, Austria
  • Amnesty International: London, UK
  • International Maritime Organisation: London. UK
  • Commonwealth of Nations: London, UK
  • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC): Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Association of South East Nations (ASEAN): Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO): Rome, Italy
  • International Court of Justice: The Hague, the Netherland
  • International Solar alliance: Gurugram, India

  Mergers & Acquisitions 2018:

  • Time Magazine is acquired by Salesforce founders for 190 million dollars.
  • Infosys acquires Finnish Company ‘Fluido’ for Rs. 545 crore.
  • Infosys acquires WongDoody for 75 million dollars.
  • Synnex acquireS Call center operation leader Convergys for 2.8 Billion Dollar.
  • Walmart acquired 77% stake in Flipkart for 16 billion dollars
  • Coca Cola bought Costa Coffee for 5.1 billion US Dollars
  • Accenture buys Certus
  • McAfee acquires skyhigh networks
  • AT & T buys Time Warner
  • Hindalco’s US arm buys Aleris for $2.58 billion
  • The Department of Telecom approved merger of Telenor India with Bharti Airtel.
  • Syntel is acquired by ATOS.

  Brand Ambassadors:

  • Akshay Kumar: Revital H, Policybazaar.com, paisabazaar.com,Road safety campaign
  • BSNL: Mary Kom
  • Aamir Khan- Vivo India
  • MS Dhoni- Dream 11 Gaming Site, NetMeds, Indigo paints, Mars’ chocolate brand Snickers
  • Sonakshi Sinha: Asus Smart Phone and tabletAR Rahman – Sikkim Brand Ambassador.
  • Amitabh Bachchan- The Muthoot Group, One Plus 6.
  • Ranbir Kapoor, Alia Bhatt- Flipkart Fashion.
  • Cricketer Smriti Mandhana: Bata’s Brand Power.
  • Virat Kohli- Uber India, too yumm chips, Manyvar, MRF Tyres, PNB, Luminous Power’s new brand AMAZE.
  • Deepika Padukone- Go Ibibio.
  • Shahrukh Khan- Nerolac wall paints, Food Panda, DishTV, Byju’s, Big Basket, Hyundai.
  • Ranveer Singh, Aalia Bhatt- Makemytrip.
  • Aalia Bhatt- Frooti
  • Shraddha Kapoor- Veet
  • Kartik Aaryan- Emami Fair & Handsome
  • Kriti Sanon: BATA, Dabur Skin Brand Fem,
  • Assam state: Hima Das

Awards & Honours:

  • World Food Prize: Lawrence Haddad and David Nabarro. They worked to provide availability of nutritious food for pregnant women and children to reduce malnutrition in developing countries.
  • Pritzker Architecture Prize (Nobel equivalent for the field): Balkrishna Doshi He becomes 1st Pritzker laureate from India.
  • Abel Prize: Robert Langlands developed a programme connecting representation theory to number theory.
  • Linnean Medal in Botany from Linnean Society of London: Kamaljit Bawa pioneering research on evolution of tropical plants, tropical deforestation & non-timber forest products First Indian to win the award ever since it was constituted in 1888.
  • OSCARS/90th Academy Awards 2018 Best picture: The Shape of Water Best Actor in a Leading Role: Gary Oldman for Darkest Hour Best Actress:  Frances McDormand for ‘Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri’ Best Director:  ‘Guillermo Del Toro for ‘The Shape of Water’. Best Foreign Language Film:  ‘A Fantastic Woman
  • Dadasaheb Phalke award for 2017: Vinod Khanna
  • Saraswati Samman 2017: Sitanshu Yashaschandra’s poetry collection “Vakhar”. Saraswati Samman is awarded annually by the K K Birla Foundation.
  • The Swedish Academy has postponed the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature following sex-abuse allegations and other issues within its ranks that have tarnished the body’s reputation. The 2018 winner will be presented alongside the 2019 winner next year. It is the first time since wartime 1943 that the prestigious award will not be given.
  • Pulitzer Prize for Public Service: The New York Times and The New Yorker
  • Man Booker International Prize: Flights, A philosophical rumination on modern-day travel by the Polish author Olga Tokarczuk
  • KISS Humanitarian Award 2018: Muhammad Yunus- Nobel Peace award winner & the founder of Grameen Bank
  • Guillermo Cano Press Freedom Prize UNESCO: Mahmoud Abu Zeid- Egyptian photo journalist
  • ‘Palme d’Or- 2018 (highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival): Shoplifters- Japanese family drama
  • Mumbai-based eminent neurosurgeon Dr B.K. Misra was named for prestigious Dr B.C. Roy National Award for year 2018 as Eminent Medical Person of the Year
  • Gopalkrishna Gandhi was conferred with 2018 Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award
  • Two Indians Bharat Vatwani and Sonam Wangchuk are among six who have been declared winners of 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award, often referred to as Asian version of the Nobel Prize.
  • Virat Kohli and S Mirabai Chanu got Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awards 2018.
  • Anushka Sharma receives Smita Patil Award
  • PM Modi got UN’s Highest Environment Honour

Economy of India:

1) The country is classified as a newly industrialized country, and one of the G-20 major economies, with an average growth rate of approximately 7% over the last two decades.  

 Maharashtra is the wealthiest Indian state with an annual nominal GDP of US $ 380 billion followed by UP and Tamilnadu.  

3) India ranks 139th in per capita GDP (Nominal) with 2134 dollars as of 2018.  

4) GDP: Gross Domestic Product GDP is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period. India’s Nominal GDP ~2.848 trillion dollars. (2018) India’s rank in world economies by size of GDP (nominal): 6th India’s rank in world economies by size of GDP (PPP): 3rd  

5) GDP Growth forecast for 2018-19: 7.3% by IMF, ADB and World Bank  

6) There are 3 sectors in Indian Economy. Contribution of different sectors in Indian GDP:

  • Primary sector (Agriculture): around 17%
  • Secondary sector (Industry): around 29 %
  • Tertiary sector (Service): around 54%

7) Ease of doing business rank of India 2019: 77th.

8) Trade partners in decreasing order:

  • India’s main export partners:- European Union, USA, UAE, Hong Kong and China.
  • India’s main import partners: – China, European Union, USA, UAE and Saudi Arabia.

 9) Inflation in India is measured by consumer price index.

10) There are 8 core industries in India. Electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilisers.    

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