Compendium -Part 5


List of Important Countries Capital and Currency:


Countries Capital Currency
Austria Vienna Euro
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso
Azerbaijan Baku Manat
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
Belarus Minsk Ruble
Belgium Brussels Euro
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum
Brazil Barsilia Real
China Beijing Yuan
Colombia Bogota Peso
Croatia Zagreb Kuna
Cuba Havana Peso
Denmark Copenhagen Krone
Egypt Cairo Pound
Finland Helsinki Euro
Hungary Budapest Forint
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Rial
Iraq Baghdad Dinar
Israel Jerusalem Shekel
Italy Rome Euro
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordon Amman Dinar
Jamaica Kingston Dollar
Kazakhstan Astana Tenge
Kenya Nairobi Shilling
Korea North Pyongyang Won
Korea South Seoul Won
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male Rufiyaa
Mauritius Port Louis Rupee
Mexico Mexico city Peso
Myanmar (Burma) Nay Pyi Taw (Rangoon) Kyat
Nigeria Abuja Naira
Norway Oslo Krone
Portugal Lisbon Euro
Qatar Doha Riyal
Russia Moscow Ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal
Singapore Singapore Dollar
South Africa Cape Town Rand
South Sudan Juba Pound
Spain Madrid Euro
Sri Lanka Colombo Rupee
Sweden Stockholm Krona
Switzerland Bern France
Syria Damascus Pound
Thailand Bangkok Baht
Turkey Ankara Lira
Uganda Kampala Shilling
Ukraine Kyiv Hryvnia
United Arab Emirates (UAE) Abu Dhabi Dirham
Vietnam Hanoi Dong

List of all Famous Inventions and their Inventor:


Invention Inventor
Aeroplane Wright brothers
Balloon Jacques and Joseph  Montgolfier
Ball –Point pen C. Biro
Bicycle K. Macmillan
Cinematograph Thomas Alva Edison
Computer Charles Babbage
Diesel engine Rudolf diesel
Dynamite Alfred Nobel
Dynamo Michael Faraday
Electric Iron H.W. Seeley
Fountain Pen LE. Waterman
Jet Engine Sir Frank whittle
Lift E.G. Otis
Locomotive Richard Trevithick
Microphone David Hughes
Microscope Z. Jansen
Photography (Paper) W.H. Fox Tablot
Printing Press J. Gutenberg
Radium Marie and Pierre Curie
Radio G. Marconi
Safety Lamp Sir Humphrey
Safety pin William Hurst
Steam engine (Piston) Thomas Newcome
Steam engine ( Condenser) James Watt
Telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Television John logie bared
Thermoscope Galileo Galilei
Transistor Bardeen, Shockley
Typewriter C. Sholes
Watch A.L.  Breguet
X-ray Wilhelm Roentgen


Abbreviations Expansions
NITI National Institution for Transforming India
PRAGATI Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation
HRIDAY Heritage Development and Augmentation Yojana
AMRUT Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
UPI Unified Payment Interface
JAM Jan Dhan, Aadhar and Mobile
IRNSS Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
DAY Deen Dayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Yojana
DDUGJY Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana
PMKSY Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
SHC Soil Health Card Scheme
PMSBY Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
PMJJBY Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
APY Atal Pension Yojana
SCM Smart Cities Mission
NMCG National Mission for Clean Ganga
PMFBY Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
SPMRM Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
PMUY Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
IRBI Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India
EXIM Bank Export – Import Bank of India
SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
NABARD National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
APEC Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARCIL Asset Reconstruction Company Of India Ltd
ATM Automated Teller Machine
ASHA Accredited Social Health Activist
BIFR Board For Industrial And Financial Reconstruction
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
DTAA Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
ECB External Commercial Borrowings
ELSS Equity Linked Saving Scheme
FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
FII Foreign Institutional Investors
FRBM Fiscal Responsibility And Management Act
FCCB Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FSDC Financial Stability Development Council
IBRD International Bank For Reconstruction And Development(World Bank)
ICICI Industrial Credit Investment Corporation Of India
IDBI Industrial Development Bank Of India
IIP Index Of Industrial Production
KYC Know Your Customer
LIBOR London Inter Bank Offered Rate
NFC Non-Banking Finance Companies
NEFT Net Electronic Fund Transfer
NPA Non-Performing Asset
OPEC Organization For Petroleum Exporting Countries
PIN Personal Identification Number
POS Point Of Scale
PPP Public Private Partnership
RTGS Real Time Gross Settlement
SAARC South Asian Association Regional Cooperation
SLR Statutory Liquidity Ratio
SARFAESI Securitization And Reconstruction Of Financial Assets And Enforcement Of Security Interest
SWOT Strength Weakness Opportunities Threats
SWIFT Society For World Wide Inter Bank Financial Telecommunication
SDR Special Drawing Rights

National Parks Of India National Parks in Karnataka

  • Kudremukh National Park
  • Bandipur National Park

National Parks in Uttarakhand

  • Corbett National Park
  • Nanda Devi National Park

National Parks in Tamil Nadu

  • Mukurthi National Park
  • Mudumalai National Park

National Parks in West Bengal

  • Sundarbans National Park
  • Neora Valley National Park

National Parks in Rajasthan

  • Ranthambhore National Park
  • Keoladeo National Park
  • Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary

National Parks in Maharashtra

  • Chandoli National Park

National Parks in Assam

  • Kaziranga National Park
  • Manas National Park

Names of National Parks in Gujarat

  • Gir National Park
  • Gulf of Kuchch Marine National Park

National Parks in Madhya Pradesh

  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Satpura National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Kanha National Park

National Parks in Manipur

  • Keibul Lamjao National Park


  • Former UN General Secretary Kofi Annan passes away. He had served as seventh Secretary-General of UN for two terms reigning from 1997 till 2006. He was first black African to become Secretary-General of UN and also the first to be elected from UN staff itself. He was born on 8 April 1938 in Kumasi, Gold Coast (now Ghana).
  • Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee passes away He was Prime Minister thrice in 1996 (13 days), 1998-1999 and 1999-2004 (making him first non-Congress leader to have completed full term as Prime Minister). He was born on 25th December 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. He was awarded the India’s highest civilian honour ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 2015. His birthday is celebrated as Good Governance Day (GGD) by the Central Government since 2014 to foster awareness among the people of accountability in government. His poetry collection is released in his book Meri Ekyaavan Kavitayein (My 51 Poems).
  • Former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee passed away.
  • Kunwar Bai: 106-year-old icon for Swachh Bharat campaign passes away. She was recognised by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for building toilet by selling off her 8-10 goats to build two toilets at her home.
  • India’s Green Revolution pioneer Dr Gurcharan Singh Kalkat passes away He was known for his role in bringing Green Revolution and several exemplary agricultural reforms in Punjab. His contribution had ensured overall development and a phenomenal growth in the agriculture sector.
  • Lalji Singh: Father of DNA fingerprinting in India passes away Eminent scientist and father of DNA fingerprinting in India Lalji Singh passed away following heart attack.
  • The well-known theatre, film personality and ad film maker who passed away on 17 November 2018: Alyque Padamsee
  • Stan Lee, Co-Creator of Spider-Man, Iron Man, Passes Away American comic-book writer and Marvel Comics co-creator Stan Lee passed away aged 95. Born as Stanley Martin Lieber in Manhattan, he is credited with co-creating several fictional characters including Spider-Man, the Hulk, Doctor Strange, the X-Men, Iron Man, and Thor.
  • Noted Indian Classical Musician Ustad Imrat Khan Passes Away Classical music stalwart Ustad Imrat Khan, who dedicated his life to propagating the Sitar and the surbahar worldwide, has died in the US after a brief illness. He was 83. He belonged to the illustrious Etawa Gharana, or the Imdadkhani Gharana, named after his grandfather Ustad Imdad Khan. He had also performed at the Cannes Film Festival in 1970
  • Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) chief and former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi passed away in Chennai. He was the 94-year-old veteran leader of Tamil Nadu.He started as a screenwriter in Tamil film industry and was Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for five-term.  
  • Uri Avnery, a trailblazing Israeli journalist and peace activistand one of the first to openly advocate for a Palestinian state passed away at the age of 94.A member of Israel’s founding generation; he fought in the pre-state Irgun underground militia. After independence, he became a publisher, Member of Parliament, author and activist.  
  • Ajit Wadekar passed away, he was 1st Captain of India’s ODI Cricket team
  • VS Naipaul passed away:
    In Trinidad and Tobago
    Nationality: British
    Booker Prize: 1971 for “In a Free State”
    Nobel Prize: 2001
    Notable works: A House for Mr Biswas; A Flag on the Island; In a Free State; A Bend in the River; An Area of Darkness; India: A Wounded Civilization India: A Million Mutinies Now
  • Renowned Poet Gopal Das Neeraj Passes Away
    Hindi poet Gopal Das Neeraj passed away in New Delhi after a prolonged illness. He was 94. His famous poetic works include Asawari, Lahar Pukare and Paran Geet.
    He won 3 Filmfare awards and penned some of the all-time hits like Likhe jo khat tujhe. He was conferred with Padma Shri in 1991 and Padma Bhushan in 2007.  

India’s rank in Different Indices:

  • Human development Index 2018
    India’s rank: 130th (Norway tops)
  • Environmental Performance Index 2018
    Released by World Economic Forum India’s rank:  177th (Switzerland topped)
  • Global manufacturing Index 2018
    Released by World Economic Forum India’s rank: 30th (Japan topped)  
  • FDI Confidence Index 2018
    India’s rank:  11th (USA topped)
  • Global Innovation Index 2018
    Released by World Intellectual Property Organisation India’s rank: 57th (Switzerland tops)
  • Ease of Doing Business 2019
    Released by World Bank India’s rank: 77th (New Zealand tops) 
  •  World Happiness report 2018
    India’s rank: 133th (Finland tops)  
  • Human capital Index 2018
    Released by World Bank India’s rank: 115th (Singapore tops)
  • Global Competitiveness Index 2018
    Released by: World Economic Forum India’s rank: 58th (USA tops)  
  • Global Hunger Index 2018
    India’s rank: 103rd  
  • World Economic freedom index 2018
    India’s rank: 130th  
  • Corruption Perception Index 2018
    India’s rank: 81st  
  • Global Peace Index 2018
    India’s rank: 137th  

Summits 2018:

BRICS Summit 2018:Johannesburg, South Africa

G20 Summit 2018: Buenos Aires, Argentina

G7 Summit 2018: Canada

NAM Summit 2019: Azerbaijan

NATO Summit 2018: Brussels, Belgium

Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018: London, UK

BIMSTEC Summit 2018: Kathmandu, Nepal

OPEC Summit 2018: Vienna, Austria

ASEAN Summit 2018: Singapore

APEC Summit 2018: Papua New Guinea

Important days in a year:  

World Press Freedom Day: 03 May 2018

International Day for Biological Diversity: 22 May 2018

Theme: Celebrating 25 years of action for biodiversity

World No Tobacco Day: 31 May 2018

Theme: Tobacco and heart disease  

World Environment Day: 05 June 2018

Host Country: India Theme: Beat Plastic Pollution

World Day Against Child Labour: 12 June 2018

Theme: Generation Safe and Healthy

International Day of Yoga: 21 June 2018

Theme: Yoga for Peace First Observed in: 2015  

World Population Day: 11 July 2018

Theme: Family Planning is Human Right

World Hepatitis Day: 28 July 2018 Theme: Test Treat Hepatitis

National Sports Day: 29 August The National Sports Day is celebrated on 29th August every year to mark the birthday of legendary hockey player Dhyan Chand.

International Literacy Day: 08 September 2018

Theme: Literacy and Skills Development  

International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer: 16 September 2018

Theme: Keep Cool and Carry On

World Tourism Day: 27 September 2018

Theme: Tourism and Digital Transformation

World Habitat Day: 1st Monday of October (01 October)

Theme: Municipal Solid Waste Management

World Teacher’s Day: 05 October

Theme: The Right to Education Means the Right to a Qualified Teacher

World Food Day: 16 October

Theme: Our actions are our future – A zero hunger world by 2030 is possible.

United Nations Day: 24 October

The theme of this year’s concert was “Traditions of Peace and Non-violence” and was sponsored by the Permanent Mission of the India to the United Nations.

World Diabetes Day: 14 November

Theme: The Family and Diabetes

For Elimination of Violence against Women: 25 November

Theme: Orange the World: #HearMeToo

AIDA Day: 1st December

Theme: Know your Status

Leave a Reply